For the Quarter Ending in March 2022
Acetylene prices in India witnessed an increasing trend owing to increased demand from the downstream PVC market. PVC market sentiments stayed strong in India, backed by pre-monsoon demand and limited supply. However, the cost of Acetylene-based PVC went bullish as the Chinese traders indulged in a heated battle among Asian suppliers. Acetylene prices hovered around USD 6970/MT in Q1 in India. According to Chinese dealers, the export volume has increased significantly to India as the Chinese authority has removed anti-dumping duties of China-origin material. So, despite weak demand, there is an elevation in supply. In contrast, Japanese traders reduced hikes to compete with Chinese traders.
During the first quarter of 2022, Acetylene prices witnessed an increasing trend in Turkey due to logistics issues from downstream sectors. Due to supply disruption of downstream Polyethylene (PE) and Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC), Russia emerged as a major PE exporter to Turkey. Amidst this, lower quotations of PE and PVC from major market players of Turkey before the conflict resulted in lower supplies from Russia and Ukraine. Acetylene prices in Europe increased by nearly 4% in Q1 of 2022. However, more than 20% of end-user products of Acetylene had been exported back to Russia and Ukraine. Till now, no new offers arrived from Russia. The closure of Ukrainian factories and sanctions imposed on Russia provoked a supply shortage of PE in Turkey.
In Africa, Acetylene gas showcased stable market dynamics in Q1 2022 due to delayed imports of downstream PVC from overseas. Major exporters of Africa have revealed new PE prices, which delayed the supply. While some market participants claim that higher freight charges and changing volume allocations are impacting the imports. Acetylene demand for wielding applications remained robust due to which Acetylene prices witnessed a rise by nearly 3% in Middle East. Weak Chlorine values and seasonal dullness in Acetylene based PVC local and export quotations led to a continuous rise in its prices since mid-December.
For Quarter Ending December 2021
The Demand for Plastics in the US had increased by 3.9% in the last quarter of 2021 according to (ACC) American Chemical Council. The Demand for coal surged in Q4 2021 in the US and they increased the mining Production to 9.4%, Acetylene is used majorly in mining, so the prices of Acetylene increased in the final quarter of 2021 due to its sudden rise in demand. Despite the prices of Calcium Carbide being suppressed in the American market for Q4 its demand was high enough to keep the prices of Acetylene to keep rising in 2021’s Final Quarter.
The export and mining restriction in China had a devastating impact on Indian Acetylene market since 90% of upstream Calcium Carbide is being exported from China to India. The prices started to drop a little in late December 2021, as a repercussion of India exploring various other sources of upstream Calcium Carbide. China is the major exporter of upstream Calcium Carbide to substantial number of Asian countries like Thailand, Japan, and South Korea. Thus, the price trend of the Asian Acetylene market in the last quarter of 2021 increased effectively till the mid of December and prices dropped a bit when countries started figuring out other sources for upstream Calcium Carbide.
The European market of the upstream Calcium Carbide was spiraling up, due to the energy crisis in Q3 of 2021 in Europe and the facilities did not bounce back in last quarter. With the high feedstock prices and rise in demand from downstream metal fabrication industries and high welding needs of end-consumers (home improvement sectors were high in demand in Q4 of 2021) in Europe in the final quarter of 2021, the price trend of Acetylene in Q4 is increasing in the European market.
For the Quarter Ending September 2021
Despite the uncertainties caused by the second wave in Q2, the market in the North American region remained steady and witnessed a high demand for Acetylene by various end-use industries. There was an increment in the pricing of Acetylene in Q3 after the industrial recovery due to winter storm, as many downstream manufacturers increased their production for Acetylene. The North American market experienced a surge in the demand for Calcium Carbide from the downstream Acetylene manufacturers during the third quarter.
During the third quarter in 2021, the prices of Acetylene witnessed a significant rise across the Asia Pacific region due to the high demand for Acetylene from the downstream industries. In China, limited mining activities followed by the government regulations to conserve energy have continued to cap the exports of raw material Calcium Carbide to several countries. Since Calcium Carbide is majorly imported in India, the prices of downstream Acetylene rose exponentially over the past few months. The issue of power curtailment in the Northern region with a target to reduce carbon development resulted in a continuous hike in the pricing trend of Calcium Carbide in the Chinese domestic market. The hiked prices of Calcium Carbide built up the wait-and-see sentiments among downstream Acetylene producers.
In Q3, the European market experienced a substantial demand for Acetylene gas from the industrial gases segment and somehow struggled to import sufficient gas to reduce the deficit. The prices underwent an exponential hike in July. The rising prices of feedstock Carbide and strong demand from the construction sector will dominantly drive the market trend for the rest of 2021. Larger price increases for construction activities and repair of vehicles will also keep the Acetylene consumption strong.
For the Quarter Ending June 2021
Acetylene demand in North America remained stable this quarter, backed by improved consumption from the domestic downstream sectors. Post pandemic and winter devastation recovery, production from most of the downstream sectors increased which eventually surged the demand for Acetylene. Prices-maintained stability throughout the quarter, however some fluctuations were witnessed due to the transportation glitches in USA. In addition, demand for Calcium Carbide based Acetylene remained low throughout the quarter in USA in the meantime.
Acetylene prices rose effectively during this quarter across APAC region, supported by improvement in the demand from the downstream sectors in some Asian countries. In China, prices of Acetylene remained firm from domestic PVC segment, whose demand was bolstered by significant revival in economic activities in the country. While in India, prices climbed up effectively, taking support from curtailed production activities amid halted trading activities under pandemic mayhem. Therefore, prices of Acetylene improved from USD 3594/MT to USD 3762/MT during this quarter in India.
European market experienced firm demand for Acetylene gas from industrial gases segment, while the availability remained enough to satisfy the overall requirement. However, prices underwent a prominent hike, taking support from the global market. In addition, inflation and rising freight cost also impacted the overall price trend of Acetylene in Europe during this timeframe.
For the Quarter Ending March 2021
Acetylene production in North America usually depends upon the availability of Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) across the region. After the devastating winter storm, approximately 7.4% of total LNG output was disrupted, this created a situation of a critical shortage in the region. Meanwhile, demand from downstream BDO (Butanediol) remained very high, thus raising the prices of Acetylene during the quarter. Price hike in Acetylene cylinders was also heard from major regional players, which contributed to the overall increment in the Acetylene export prices.
Demand for Acetylene in the Asian market remained mild to firm from downstream metal fabrication and BDO manufacturing segments, during Q1 2021. Chinese lunar holidays temporarily reduced the overall production output from China. However, several traders already kept their stocks high in advance to compensate with upcoming shortage. Despite of the advance stock’s accumulation, prices rose significantly in the Asian market during February. In line, Indian market witnessed a rise of 5.22% in dissolved Acetylene prices in January-March timeframe, prices settled at USD 4265.2 per MT in March 2021.
Like other regions, Europe also faced severe shortage of Acetylene to produce downstream chemicals like BDO and THF. The shortage was driven by lower imports from USA, as their own regional availability was running low due to lower domestic output. This led the prices to seek an upward trend. Besides, skyrocketing prices of shipping containers and freight cost also efficiently contributed to push up the prices of Acetylene across the region.
For the Quarter Ending September 2020
The Asian Acetylene sales showed volume improvement versus Q2 but maintained levels below the pre-COVID era. Higher margins due to pressured raw material could partially offset the decline in the producer’s margins. Resilient demand for the oxyacetylene cylinders as the construction activity clawed back from deep contractions faced in the previous quarter. However, major plant turnarounds heard at some Chinese Acetylene-based PVC plants pressured the demand patterns, meaning limited offtakes and subdued offers observed across the region. In China, FOB prices were well around USD 11000 per tonne in the second and third quarters and are expected to remain in this range in H2 2020 due to nearly stable market outlook.
Acetylene demand in the America’s remained dampened during Q3 2020. Operations at the BASF's Geismar, Louisiana, petrochemical plant remained affected by the production outages caused due to Hurricane Laura, although with limited impact over the overall margins. The company’s Geismar Acetylene site holds the capacity of 130 tonnes per annum. The US industrial gas sector saw a mixed QoQ performance, driven by gradual shift in the demand for the medical gases such as Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide. However, demand for the dissolved Acetylene and other industrial gases remained subdued under the suppressed sales of welding hardgoods. Some anticipate the Acetylene growth to flatten out in both the Americas and Europe sequentially as surging COVID cases continue to weigh over the market activity.
COVID-19 pandemic hard hit the European Acetylene demand in Q2 and Q3 with a significant fall observed in the amount of in-person trade. As the majority population stayed at home under the pandemic-induced recession, limited Acetylene requirements were heard for metal cutting and construction projects. Players observed a pronounced drop in demands from the western Europe where the lockdown had been longer and more restrictive than in central, Eastern and Northern Europe. Demand for oxyacetylene from the civil infrastructure however remained a sweet spot in the eastern Europe. Some supply constraints surfaced as the leading producers announced maintenance turnarounds by the end of the third quarter to balance their inventories.