For the Quarter Ending December 2022
During Q4 2022, the Acrylic Staple Fibre (ASF) market displayed mixed sentiments. A decline in demand from downstream textile industries was the main reason for the price drop in the first half. Meanwhile, decreased orders revealed the huge inventory and kept the pressure on both local and export pricing. Regional export and domestic prices were continuing weak pricing trends as a result of a lack of buying activity. Numerous reasons, including excessive inventory, rising inflation, and distrust among customers, were affecting the profitability of some producers. However, the demand for winter wear increased in the middle of the quarter, and production costs increased, resulting in a slight increment in prices. As a result, the price of ASF 1.5D in the US market fluctuated throughout the fourth quarter, reaching USD 2845/MT FOB Texas in November 2022.
Poor demand fundamentals led the Acrylic Staple Fibre (ASF) market to shrink in the Asian market during this quarter. The price in the Chinese market was low and stable, and the supply chain lacked assurance. As the terminal ran out of orders, the operational rate gradually fell. In the meantime, several areas have reduced their prices to promote shipment. In the first part of Q4, the consumption of clothing and light textiles in downstream industries was once again subpar. Later, due to the rigorous Zero-Covid Policy, small businesses found it difficult to meet their production goals in order to guarantee supplies over the winter. As a result of continued market fluctuations, the price ultimately settled at USD 2309/MT FOB Qingdao in November 2022.
Acrylic Staple Fibre (ASF) prices in Europe also fluctuated throughout the fourth quarter of 2022. Rising inflationary pressure and soaring energy prices had consequently weakened the consumer's attitude toward textile products. However European textile sector was also struggling with slow demand from its downstream sectors. Later, as inventories remained limited, the major driving factor behind price increment was rising feedstock Acrylonitrile prices amidst limited stocks, which had caused market participants to increase their offers. In Conclusion, the price for ASF 1.5D settled at USD 2418/MT FD Hamburg during October, considering high product availability and overall weak demand from the downstream textile sector in the second half of Q4.
For the Quarter Ending September 2022
The price of Acrylic Staple Fibre is consistently under pressure in the global market. According to the ChemAnalyst data, the product has witnessed a steep fall during the first half of the third quarter. The acrylic staple fiber has been bearish due to limited buying and lowering feedstock Acrylonitrile prices. Downstream demand from end-use industries like sweaters, hand-knitting yarns, boat covers, and upholstery was dull as yarn producers witnessed lower sales, resulting in lower procurement of acrylic staple fiber. However, due to the impact of hurricane Ian, production was disrupted, leading to the marginal rise in ASF prices in the American market.
Prices for Acrylic Staple Fiber (ASF) remained mixed throughout the third quarter of 2022. After the trade disruption, there was a relatively low export demand for Acrylic Staple Fiber (ASF). Additionally, the price drop for propylene and low margins has aided the decline in ASF pricing. The price of the feedstock Acrylonitrile has been dropping, which has influenced the domestic market's lower pricing trend for ASF. The downstream apparel and home furnishings sectors saw sluggish demand, while ASF output in the market remained weak. Hence, the price of ASF 1.5D in China was fixed at USD 2380/MT FOB Qingdao during September. Later, due to the high temperature, power rationing issues, and the resurgence of COVID, most plants in China reduced their operating rate.
In Germany, ASF Price decreased by 5.3%, and values were evaluated in USD at 2681/MT in July. Due to weaker feedstock and shaky customer demand, ASF prices ceased their upward trend. One of the traders observed that given the poor market environment, which was getting worse with each passing day, most end customers were taking a wait-and-see approach. Strong and insulating acrylic fibers, frequently employed as a wool substitute in sweatshirts, tracksuits, and boot linings, are going through a downturn during the quarter. Later, Lowering River Rhine Level disrupted shipping and caused an economic slowdown, leading to weaker market sentiments.
For the Quarter Ending June 2022
Acrylic Staple Fiber (ASF) prices decreased in North America throughout the second quarter, owing to the weaker downstream demand. The primary raw materials used to manufacture Acrylic Staple Fibers include Acrylonitrile and additives. Acrylonitrile is the main raw material used to produce Acrylic Staple Fiber. During the months of this quarter, acrylonitrile prices have continuously Fluctuated in the USA. Due to the reduction in feed ammonia prices, the production costs of Acrylonitrile decreased in the second half of Q2. However, demand for ASF from importing and domestic end-users such as Apparel, Household Furnishing industries remains lull during the second quarter of 2022. Therefore, after witnessing a significant decrement in its values, the prices of ASF dropped in the domestic market.
Acrylic Staple fiber (ASF) prices dropped in the first half of Q2, which gained momentum owing to the changing feedstock market. Export demand for ASF was relatively muted in the second half after recent shifts in trades, and the second wave of COVID also weakened demand fundamentals in Asian countries. Further, the Fall in Propylene price and low margins have supported the downtrend in the ASF prices. Still, the prices rebounded in the second half of this quarter, aided by the strong offtakes from downstream boat covers and upholstery industries. In contrast, the Indian market witnessed an exclusively downward trend in its price. Since the beginning of April, the cost of the feedstock Acrylonitrile has been declining, contributing to the downward price trend of ASF in the domestic market. Acrylic Staple Fibre export demand remained weak due to persistently high freight charges and tension between the two countries. In contrast, ASF production in the Indian market remained weak alongside weak demand from the downstream apparel and home furnishings sectors.
Acrylic Staple Fibre (ASF) prices in the European countries declined, supported by the low demand and disrupted supply. Raw material prices fluctuated throughout the quarter, but the order also slowed as producers mulled over their production, foreseeing the volatile global market and dull offtakes from consumers' end. Meanwhile, the demand fundamentals for the product in the domestic market were weak enough to keep prices low. Since the beginning of Q2, the cost of the feedstock Acrylonitrile has been fluctuating in the European countries, contributing to the downward price trend of ASF in the domestic market. Acrylic Fibres are mainly used for creating woolen garments. The winter season in Europe had been finished for a long time, so the offtake of Acrylonitrile from acrylic fiber-based companies decreased. Furthermore, stockpiles were sufficient to meet overall demand, and the supply rate was also improved in the second half of Q2, resulting in a decline in the price of ASF.
In North America, the acrylic staple fibre market remained stable throughout the quarter due to weak demand from the downstream textile sector. Since the United States relies on Europe for the supply of product, limited supply resulting from the Russia-Ukraine war hampered product availability in the regional market. On the demand side, while demand increased from the carpet manufacturing sector the overall market remained stable with low offtakes from end-user textile industries. Meanwhile, the cost for feedstock Acrylonitrile and Propylene rose, following high crude oil value. As a result of the dull market for Acrylic Staple Fibre, its prices settled at USD 3120 FOB Texas in March 2022.
Manufacturers believe that demand for apparel plummeted in Q1-2022, but the demand from the carpet industry remained stable. Therefore, ASF prices fluctuated in a stable to narrow range due to the demand uncertainty from the apparel industry. On the other hand, ASP production in the Chinese market slowed down on the back of limited availability of raw material Acrylonitrile as it faced competition from other sectors with high demand from rubber, plastics, pesticides, and the chemical industry. However, prices for upstream Propylene fluctuated significantly in the first quarter, in line with volatile crude oil prices. Therefore, the cost of VSF 1.5D was assessed at USD 2885 per metric tons FOB Qingdao in February 2022.
Price of ASF 1.5D in Europe fell and settled at USD 2985 FD Hamburg in February due to low demand from the downstream textile industry. Conflict between Russia and Ukraine resulted in a war-like situation in the second half of the first quarter, which hampered the trade activities in Europe, consequently disrupting the product supply. In addition, high fares, port congestion and low demand from the textile sector have weakened market sentiment for Acrylic Staple fibre in the domestic market and stabilized the prices for Acrylic Staple Fibre in Europe.