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February 2024: US Corn Price Depreciation Affects Supply and Demand Patterns
February 2024: US Corn Price Depreciation Affects Supply and Demand Patterns

February 2024: US Corn Price Depreciation Affects Supply and Demand Patterns

  • 19-Feb-2024 4:30 PM
  • Journalist: Yage Kwon

In a noteworthy development for the agricultural sector, Corn production in key regions such as the USA, Argentina, Ukraine, and Brazil has witnessed a significant increase coupled with a drop in consumption across the sectors. This shift has led to a narrowing gap between production and demand, indicating a slightly looser global Corn supply and demand pattern compared to the previous year. Additionally, market experts have projected substantial crops and larger ending stocks from the previous year, contributing to the factors that have pushed Corn and wheat prices to new contract lows. Despite favorable weather in South America, trade volume has decreased as inquiries for Corn from both regional and overseas nations remain subdued.

Moreover, a sharp decline in Corn prices, coupled with rising production costs, is poised to reduce U.S. net farm income this year. Inflation may be masking the significance of these price and income declines, especially when compared to previous years. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's forecast for 2024 net farm income is around $116 billion, down from approximately $156 billion in 2023 and a record $186 billion in 2022, all in nominal dollars. While ranking as the fifth highest on record, the 2024 forecast, when adjusted for inflation, falls 4% below the 20-year average and shows a 41% decline from 2022, representing the most significant two-year decrease in net farm returns.

Shifting focus to the livestock markets, Corn demand from downstream feed industries remained low in January. While projections suggest an improvement in the current and forthcoming months, trading remains weak. The higher available supply of Corn among merchants, coupled with weakened purchasing activity, has raised concerns among traders. Many are grappling with increased production costs, including higher prices for seeds and fertilizers, as well as elevated expenses associated with transportation. Consequently, with rising input costs and weakened demand from regional and overseas markets, traders are consistently focused on selling their products at lower prices. The appreciation of the US dollar against global currencies further provides an advantage for merchants to procure goods at lower prices.

Overall, the delicate balance between domestic production, demand, and global supply and demand patterns sets the stage for a dynamic period in the agricultural sector, particularly for Corn and other agricultural products. As stakeholders await the afternoon analysis, the market's response to USDA projections is expected to play a crucial role in shaping the future trajectory of Corn, soybean, and wheat markets.

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